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Thursday, 18 November 2021

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Tiger Reserves in India under the Project Tiger

 

Tiger Reserves in India under the Project Tiger 

The tiger is an endangered species according to IUCN . The scientific name of tiger is – Panthera Tigris , There are 51 tiger reserve in India under the project Tiger - because these are the species likely to become extinct in the near future . According 2108 tiger census MP is known as tiger state .

 

Tiger Reserve in India under project Tiger

Tiger Population India –

India is a home to 2967 tiger – according to the result of the All India tiger estimation, 2018 realeased by the Hon’able Prime Minister of India

Madhya Pradesh – 526 tigers

Karnataka- 524 tigers

Uttarakhand – 442 tiger

Maharashtra -  312 tigers

Tamil Nadu – 264 tigers

 

Technique Used for Tiger Census in India –


Pugmark Technique – 

print of pugmarks recorded and identified ,

Camera Trapping –

 Tiger photograph and identified with stripes

DNA fingerprinting – 

Identification from scat / poops .

 

What are the threats tigers faces in India 


Poaching – 

poaching is the most immediate threat for wild tiger – it means it is the illegal haunting of Tiger .

Habitat loss –

Tiger have lost an estimated 95% of their historical range . Their habitat has been destroyed , degraded and fragmented by human activity

Human – Wildlife conflict –

People and tigers increasingly compete for space . As forest shrink and prey become scarce , tiger are forced to leave protected area in search of food and to established territories . this take them into a human dominated area .

 


Effect of Climate change on tiger –

Sundarabans is a large mangrove forest area on the coast of bay of Bengal . These forests are threatened by the rising sea level caused by climate change .

 

Why to conserve tigers in India 


Tiger play a pivotal role in the health and diversity of an ecosystem . It is a top predator and at the apex of the food chain . It maintain the balance between herbivore and the vegetation they eat

 

The extinction of top carnivore is an indication that its ecosystem is not sufficiently protected , and neither would it exist for long thereafter . – If there will be no tiger – it will lead to more herbivore – less plant- ultimately leads to ecological imbalance  

 

Tiger reserves in India State Wise 

There are 51 tiger reserve in India in 18 states – governed by project tiger – which is administered by the National tiger Conservation authority ( NTCA)

The tiger reserve constitute core area ( critical tiger Habitat area , notified by state government )

Buffer area – known as peripheral area .

 

About National Tiger Conservation Authority ( NTCA)

NTCA- National Tiger Conservation Authority – is a statutory body under the ministry of Environment , forest and climate Change

WII – wildlife institute of India –

It is an autonomous natural resource service institution under the Ministry of Environment forest and Climate change , Government of India .

 

PROJECT TIGER TO PROTECT TIGER IN STATE WISE MANNER 

 

Launched by the Government of india in Aprit 193 . It is a centrally sponcered scheme of the ministry of Environment , forest and climate change .

  It provide central assistance to tiger states for tiger conservation in designated tiger reserve .

From 9 tiger reserve since its formative years .the Project Tiger coverage has Increased to 51 at present , spread out in 18 of our tiger range states .

 This amount to around 2.2% of the geographical area of our country . 

Tiger reserve in Indian map is given bellow in a state wise manner . 

 

Tiger reserve in Indian Map is given bellow 


Tiger Reserve of Uttarakhand –

The state of Uttarakhand has two tiger reserve one is Corbet tiger reserve and another is Rajaji Tiger reserve . T

he Corbet tiger reserve has highest number of tiger in India . The Buffer area of the Corbet tiger reserve known as Amangarh Tiger Reserve in Uttar Pradesh.

 Corbet tiger reserve has Jim Corbet National park which is the first and oldest national park in India – established in 1936 .

its old name was Hailey national park . This is the first national park to come under Project tiger ,

 

Tiger reserves In Uttar Pradesh –

     Uttar Pradesh has two tiger reserve one is Dudhwa Tiger reserve and another is Pillibhit tiger reserve . The buffer area of Corbett Tiger reserve is known as Amangarh Tiger reserve .

 

Tiger reserve of Bihar –


Bihar has only one tiger reserve that is Valmiki tiger reserve

Tiger reserve of Jharkhand –

The state of Jharkhand has only one tiger reserve that is Palamu tiger reserve

Tiger reserve of Odisha

Odisha has two tiger reserve one is Similipal tiger reserve and another is Satkosia tiger reserve

Tiger reserve of Chhattisgarh 

The state of Chhattisgarh has three tiger reserve – they are – indravati tiger reserve , Udanti Sitanadi tiger reserve and Achanakmar tiger reserve .

 

Tiger reserve of west Bengal –

State of west Bengal has two tiger reserve one is Sundarban tiger reserve and another is Buxa tiger reserve .

 

Tiger reserve of Mizoram –

The state of Mizoram has only one tiger reserve that is Dampa tiger reserve .

Tiger reserve in Assam –

The state of assam has four tiger reserver – these are Manas Tiger reserve , Nameri tiger reserve , Kaziranga tiger reserve and Orang tiger reserve .

 

Tiger reserve of Arunachal Pradesh

The state of Arunachal Pradesh has three tiger reserve – these are Pakke Tiger reserve , Namdapha Tiger reserve and Kamlang Tiger reserve .

 

Tiger reserve of Rajasthan –

The state of Rajasthan has three tiger reserve – these are Mukundara Tiger reserve , Ranthambore tiger reserve and Sarika tiger reserve .

Tiger reserve of Madhya Pradesh –

The state of Madhya Pradesh also popularly known as state of tigers – the state has five tiger reserves

 These are Kanha tiger reserve , Pench tiger reserve , Satpura tiger reserve , Panna tiger reserve , Sanjay Dhubri tiger reserve and Bandhavgarh tiger reserve .   

 

Tiger reserve of Maharashtra –

The state of Maharashtra has six tiger reserve these are – 

Melghat tiger reserve , Pench tiger reserve , Navegaon Nagzira tiger Reserve , Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve , Sahyadri tiger reserve and Bor Tiger Reserve .

 

Tiger reserves of Karnataka –

The state of Karnataka has five tiger reserves – these are Bandipur tiger reserve , Bhadra tiger reserve , Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Tiger Reserve , Anshi Dandeli ( Kali ) tiger reserve and Nagarhole tiger reserve .

 

Tiger reserve of Andhra Pradesh

The state of Andhra Pradesh has only one tiger reserve – that is Nagarjunasagar Srisailam tiger reserve . It is the largest tiger reserve in India – in term of area .

 

Tiger reserve of Telangana –

The state of Telengana has two tiger reserves – one is Kawal tiger reserve and another is Amrabad Tiger reserve and it is the northern part of Nagarjuna Srisailam tiger reserve and it is the second largest tiger reserve in India .

 

Tiger reserve of Kerala

The state of Kerala has two tiger reserve one is Periyar tiger reserve and another is Parambikulam tiger reserve .

 

Tiger reserve of Tamil Nadu

The state of Tamil Nadu has five tiger reserve – these are Srivilliputhur Meghamalai Tiger Reserve – which is the 51st tiger reserve of India and newest tiger reserve in India,  Sathyamangalam tiger reserve , Mudumalai tiger reserve , Anamalai tiger reserve and Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger reserve .  

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